Depression conquers the world
The latest data presented at the World Psychiatric Association Congress in St. Petersburg show that depression is currently the third enemy of the humanity, and that by 2030, it will become a leading health problem, leaving behind even cardiovascular and malignant diseases.
The economic crisis, the rapid pace of life, the fear of losing work, are some of the common causes of an increase in the number of people suffering from depression.
Depression can influence the development of problems in relation to others, cause problems in the family, reduce working ability and overall efficiency in everyday life.
Each of us occasionally feels sad and depressed. These are normal reactions to specific conditions of life (illness, loss of dear people, divorce, etc.). But these feelings usually last for a certain period of time and the person returns to his original positive emotions. However, if the state of mood lasts longer and in some way prevents the proper functioning of the person, then something more serious than ordinary “depression” is likely to happen.
Depression is a mood disorder whose characteristics are different levels of sadness, disappointment, loneliness, hopelessness, suspicion of self and guilt.
Depressed people become exhausted because they use their energy incorrectly and thus get rid of everyday relationships with people. A major problem in severe depressive conditions is thinking about death and suicide.
CAUSES OF ARISING
Depression is most often caused by a combination of genetic inheritance and the influence of external circumstances. If the genetic predisposition to depression is severe, the disease can occur without stressful situations, that is, in normal life circumstances. On the other hand, if a person has suffered severe or persistent stress, he may suffer from depression and is not burdened with a hereditary factor.
WHAT DEPRESSED PERSON FEELS
Depressed people call their condition varied. The younger ones say they are “foolish”, “coma,” “in knockdown”. The elderly are in a “crisis”, “feel terrible,” that “it is better not to have them” and the like. Called him by one or another name, the depressed state is characterized by the following emotions:
- First of all, depression, or deep downset mood. A person affected by depression is unhappy, depressed, sad, sometimes desperate and helpless.
- Apart from being depressed, it is reinforced irritable and sensitive to stress, complaints, insults, criticisms and other disabilities.
- She feels lonely, abandoned, unloved and superfluous. Although her attention and society are needed, the crowd disturbing her and makes her uncomfortable.
- It is weakly concentrated, volatile, apathetic, inactive, slow. Nothing is pleasing and motivating.
- In addition to those mentioned, people who suffer from depression are often followed by body pains such as: pain in various parts of the body, sleep disorders, appetite and fullness, faster fatigue and exhaustion, general impossibility of fulfilling everyday tasks.
TRETMAN – CURING
Depression is curable, but to motivate a person with a depression to go to a doctor, and this is still a psychiatrist, psychologist or psychotherapist in most cases is very difficult.
Depending on the severity of the disease, depression can be treated with drugs ie pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy and a combination of these two approaches.
The greater the depression, the more profound, the medications are necessary and vice versa. It is important to know that depression is treated with antidepressants rather than sedatives (although sedatives may also be useful in certain stages of treatment) and that the therapy must be overwritten and controlled by a psychiatrist.
Psychotherapy is the right choice for the easier form of depression, but also as a parallel therapy that monitors the medication of severe forms. Namely, in case of depression caused by stressful living conditions, the drugs will help stabilize the disease, but will not eliminate the cause.
If depression is not treated in time, it can endanger all areas of the normal life of a person related to family, work, education, etc. Very often emotional suffering does not attach great importance to the person’s condition. Timely response facilitates treatment. Do not avoid professional help, with it you will be the fastest to succeed.
Suzana Stanković Čikić, psychologist